1-Nitropropane
Title: 1-Nitropropane
CAS Registry Number: 108-03-2
Molecular Formula: C3H7NO2
Molecular Weight: 89.09
Percent Composition: C 40.44%, H 7.92%, N 15.72%, O 35.92%
Line Formula: CH3CH2CH2NO2
Literature References: Prepd by vapor-phase nitration of propane: Hass et al., US 1967667 (1934 to Purdue Res. Found.); Ind. Eng. Chem. 28, 339 (1936); from natural gas: Bachman, Pollack, ibid. 46, 713 (1954).
Properties: Liquid. d425 0.9934. wt 8.4 lb/U.S. gal. mp -108°. bp760 131.6°; bp728 130°; bp401 110°; bp94 70°; bp7.5 20°; bp4 10°. nD20 1.4018. Flash pt 34°C (93°F). Heat of formation -40.05 kcal/mole at 25°; heat of combustion 481.33 kcal/mole at 25°. Latent heat of vaporization 10.37 kcal/mole at 25°. Slightly sol in water (1.4 ml/l00 ml); 0.5 ml water dissolves in 100 ml of 1-nitropropane. Miscible with many organic solvents.
Melting point: mp -108°
Boiling point: bp760 131.6°; bp728 130°; bp401 110°; bp94 70°; bp7.5 20°; bp4 10°
Flash point: Flash pt 34°C (93°F)
Index of refraction: nD20 1.4018
Density: d425 0.9934
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure are eye irritation, headache, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 230.
Use: Solvent for cellulose acetate, vinyl resins, lacquers, synthetic rubbers, fats, oils, dyes, other organic materials; as intermediate, propellant.

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