Title: 2-Ethoxyethanol
CAS Registry Number: 110-80-5
Additional Names: Ethylene glycol monoethyl ether
Trademarks: Cellosolve; Oxitol
Molecular Formula: C4H10O2
Molecular Weight: 90.12
Percent Composition: C 53.31%, H 11.18%, O 35.51%
Line Formula: HOCH2CH2OC2H5
Literature References: Manuf from ethylene oxide and ethanol: Faith, Keyes & Clark's Industrial Chemicals, F. A. Lowenheim, M. K. Moran, Eds. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 4th ed., 1975) pp 403-407. Toxicity data: H. F. Smyth et al., J. Ind. Hyg. Toxicol. 23, 259 (1941). Series of articles on toxicology: Environ. Health Perspect. 57, 1-275 (1984).
Properties: Colorless, practically odorless liq. d2020 0.931. bp 135°. mp -70°. Flash pt, closed cup: 112°F (44°C); open cup: 120°F (49°C). nD25 1.406. Misc with water, alc, ether, acetone, liq esters. It dissolves many oils, resins, waxes, etc. LD50 orally in rats: 3 g/kg (Smyth).
Melting point: mp -70°
Boiling point: bp 135°
Flash point: Flash pt, closed cup: 112°F (44°C); open cup: 120°F (49°C)
Index of refraction: nD25 1.406
Density: d2020 0.931
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 3 g/kg (Smyth)
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure in exptl animals are irritation of eyes, respiratory system; blood changes; liver, kidney, lung damage; reproductive, teratogenic effects. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 130. See also Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology vol. 2D, G. D. Clayton, F. E. Clayton, Eds. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 4th ed., 1994) pp 2765, 2777-2785.
Use: Solvent for nitrocellulose, lacquers and dopes; in varnish removers, cleansing solns, dye baths; finishing leather with water pigments and dye solns; increasing stability of emulsions.

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