Title: Achillea
Additional Names: Milfoil; yarrow; thousand-leaf
Literature References: Flowering herb, Achillea millefolium L., Compositae. Habit. Europe, Asia, naturalized in U.S. Extensively used as herbal remedy by many cultures. Constituents of plant and of the volatile oil may vary depending on origin of plant. Identification of constituents: Pailer, Kump, Monatsh. Chem. 90, 395 (1959); eidem, Arch. Pharm. 293, 646 (1960); A. J. Falk et al., J. Nat. Prod. 37, 598 (1974); R. F. Chandler et al., J. Pharm. Sci. 71, 690 (1982). Isoln of anti-inflammatory constituents: A. S. Goldberg, J. Pharm. Sci. 58, 938 (1969). Phytopharmacology: J. P. Tewari et al., Indian J. Med. Sci. 28, 331 (1974). Review of medicinal uses and composition: R. F. Chandler et al., Econ. Bot. 36, 203-223 (1982); J. Gruenwald et al., PDR for Herbal Medicines (Medical Economics, Montvale, 2nd Ed., 2000) pp 833-835.
Derivative Type: Volatile oil
CAS Registry Number: 8022-07-9
Additional Names: Oil of yarrow
Literature References: Obtained by steam distillation of leaves and tops. Constit. Chamazulene (0-40%), camphor, b-pinene, cineol, caryophyllene.
Properties: Blue liquid. d2020 0.905-0.925. Insol in water; very sol in alc, ether. Keep well closed, cool and protected from light.
Density: d2020 0.905-0.925
Use: In hair preparations and skin lotions for cleansing and to promote healing.
Therap-Cat: Carminative; cholagogue; antiseptic.

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