Ethyl Sulfate
Title: Ethyl Sulfate
CAS Registry Number: 540-82-9
CAS Name: Sulfuric acid monoethyl ester
Additional Names: ethyl hydrogen sulfate; ethylsulfuric acid; sulfethylic acid; sulfovinic acid
Molecular Formula: C2H6O4S
Molecular Weight: 126.13
Percent Composition: C 19.04%, H 4.79%, O 50.74%, S 25.42%
Line Formula: C2H5OSO2OH
Literature References: Prepn: Hamid et al., J. Chem. Soc. 129, 1098 (1926); Atwood, US 2683731 (1954 to Natl. Petro-Chemicals). Review: C. M. Suter, The Organic Chemistry of Sulfur (John Wiley, 1944) p 23-27.
Properties: Corrosive.
Derivative Type: Barium salt
Additional Names: Barium ethyl sulfate
Molecular Formula: C4H10BaO8S2
Molecular Weight: 387.57
Percent Composition: C 12.40%, H 2.60%, Ba 35.43%, O 33.03%, S 16.55%
Properties: Dihydrate, lustrous leaflets. Freely soluble in water; slightly sol in alcohol. Not pptd by H2SO4 or sulfates.
Derivative Type: Calcium salt
Additional Names: Calcium ethyl sulfate; calcium sulfovinate
Molecular Formula: C4H10CaO8S2
Molecular Weight: 290.33
Percent Composition: C 16.55%, H 3.47%, Ca 13.80%, O 44.09%, S 22.09%
Properties: Dihydrate, crystals. Soluble in water, alcohol.
NOTE: See also Diethyl Sulfate.
Use: Intermediate in the manuf of ethanol from ethylene.

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