Ferric Citrate
Title: Ferric Citrate
CAS Registry Number: 2338-05-8 (undefined); 28633-45-6 (undefined iron(III) salt); 3522-50-7 (1:1 iron(III) citrate salt)
CAS Name: 2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid iron salt
Literature References: A combination of iron and citric acid of indefinite composition. Prepn: Belloni, Gazz. Chim. Ital. 50, II, 159 (1920). Complex formation study: R. C. Warner, I. Weber, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75, 5086 (1953). Polymerization studies: T. G. Spiro et al., ibid. 89, 5555, 5559 (1967). Role in iron uptake in plants: H. F. Bienfait, M. R. Scheffers, Plant Soil 143, 141 (1992). Tumorigenicity study in mice: K. Inai et al., Food Chem. Toxicol. 32, 493 (1994). Clinical evaluation in hyperphosphataemia: W.-C. Yang et al., Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. 17, 265 (2002).
Properties: Garnet-red, transparent scales or pale-brown powder. Slowly but completely sol in cold water, readily sol in hot water, but diminishing in soly with age. Practically insol in alc.
Therap-Cat: Hematinic.
Therap-Cat-Vet: In iron deficiency.
Keywords: Hematinic.

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