Quinacillin
Title: Quinacillin
CAS Registry Number: 1596-63-0
CAS Name: (2S,5R,6R)-6-[[(3-Carboxy-2-quinoxalinyl)carbonyl]amino]-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic acid
Additional Names: 3-carboxy-2-quinoxalinylpenicillin
Molecular Formula: C18H16N4O6S
Molecular Weight: 416.41
Percent Composition: C 51.92%, H 3.87%, N 13.45%, O 23.05%, S 7.70%
Literature References: Semi-synthetic antibiotic related to penicillin. Prepd by condensation of quinoxaline-2,3-dicarboxylic anhydride with 6-aminopenicillanic acid: Richards et al., Nature 199, 354 (1963).
 
Derivative Type: Disodium salt
CAS Registry Number: 985-32-0
Molecular Formula: C18H14N4Na2O6S
Molecular Weight: 460.37
Percent Composition: C 46.96%, H 3.07%, N 12.17%, Na 9.99%, O 20.85%, S 6.97%
Properties: Crystals, dec 261-262°. [a]D23 +183.5° (water). Very hygroscopic. uv max (containing 9.2% water): 242, 326 nm (e 32,100; 7280). Acquires a bright yellow color on exposure to strong sunlight but is stable at 100° for at least 3 months. Freely sol in water; a 25% aq soln is stable for 2 months at 0°. Antimicrobial activity is highest against Staphylococcus aureus.
Optical Rotation: [a]D23 +183.5° (water)
Absorption maximum: uv max (containing 9.2% water): 242, 326 nm (e 32,100; 7280)
 
Derivative Type: Bistriethylammonium salt monohydrate
Molecular Formula: C30H46N6O6S.H2O
Molecular Weight: 636.80
Percent Composition: C 56.58%, H 7.60%, N 13.20%, O 17.59%, S 5.04%
Properties: Crystals from acetone, dec 135-137°. [a]D20 +142° (c = 0.376 in water).
Optical Rotation: [a]D20 +142° (c = 0.376 in water)
 
Therap-Cat: Antibacterial.
Keywords: Antibacterial (Antibiotics); ?Lactams; Penicillins.

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