Asarum
Title: Asarum
Additional Names: Wild ginger; Canada snakeroot
Literature References: Rhizomatous perennial herb, Asarum canadense L., Aristolochiaceae. Medicinal parts include the rhizomes and roots; used in Native American medicine for gastrointestinal discomfort, respiratory ailments and fever. Habit. North America, esp. Eastern U.S. and Canada. Constit. Flavonoids incl. kaempferol and quercetin glycosides; chalcononaringenin glycosides; volatile oil; aristolochic acid. Identification of flavonal and chalcone glycosides: T. Iwashina, J. Kitajima, Phytochemistry 55, 971 (2000). Determn of aristolochic acids and safety of extracts: B. T. Schaneberg et al., Pharmazie 57, 10 (2002).
 
Derivative Type: Volatile oil
CAS Registry Number: 8016-69-1
Literature References: Constit. Terpene (pinene), methyleugenol, borneol, linalool, geraniol.
Properties: Yellowish-brown liq; aromatic odor and taste. d1515 0.93-0.96. aD20 -1.4 to -3.5°. Practically insol in water. Sol in 2 vols 70% alc. Keep well closed, cool and protected from light.
Optical Rotation: aD20 -1.4 to -3.5°
Density: d1515 0.93-0.96
 
Use: In perfumes; flavoring in foods.

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