Azodicarbonamide
Title: Azodicarbonamide
CAS Registry Number: 123-77-3
CAS Name: Diazenedicarboxamide
Additional Names: 1,1¢-azobisformamide; azodicarboxamide; azobiscarbonamide; azobiscarboxamide; 1,1¢-azobiscarbamide
Molecular Formula: C2H4N4O2
Molecular Weight: 116.08
Percent Composition: C 20.69%, H 3.47%, N 48.27%, O 27.57%
Line Formula: NH2CON=NCONH2
Literature References: Prepn: J. Thiele, Ann. 270, 1 (1892); 271, 127 (1892); T. Curtis, K. Heindenreich, J. Prakt. Chem. [2] 52, 454 (1895); J. P. Picard, J. L. Boivin, Can. J. Chem. 29, 223 (1951). Crystal structure: D. T. Cromer, A. C. Larson, J. Chem. Phys. 60, 176 (1974). Safety assessment as a flour-maturing agent: B. L. Oser et al., Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 7, 445 (1965).
Properties: Orange-red crystals, mp 225° (dec). Flammable! Sol in hot water; insol in cold water, alc.
Melting point: mp 225° (dec)
Use: As blowing and foaming agent for plastics; as maturing and bleaching agent in cereal flour.

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