Barium Chloride
Title: Barium Chloride
CAS Registry Number: 10361-37-2
Molecular Formula: BaCl2
Molecular Weight: 208.23
Percent Composition: Ba 65.95%, Cl 34.05%
Literature References: Prepn: Gmelins, Barium (8th ed) 30, 171-175 (1932) and supplement, 179-181, 324-325 (1960). Toxicity studies: I. B. Syed, F. Hosain, Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 22, 150 (1972). Induction of arrhythmia in exptl animals: F. W. Eichbaum, Basic Res. Cardiol. 68, 73 (1973).
 
Derivative Type: Dihydrate
Properties: Crystals or granules or powder; bitter salty taste. d 3.86; mp 963°. Poisonous! Very sol in water; sol in methanol. Practically insol in ethanol, acetone, ethyl acetate. LD50 i.v. in ICR mice: 19.2 mg Ba2+/kg (Syed, Hosain).
Melting point: mp 963°
Density: d 3.86
Toxicity data: LD50 i.v. in ICR mice: 19.2 mg Ba2+/kg (Syed, Hosain)
 
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure are irritation of eyes, skin and upper respiratory system; gastroenteritis; muscle spasm; slow pulse, extrasystoles; hypokalemia; skin burns. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 24.
Use: Manuf pigments, color lakes, glass, mordant for acid dyes; weighting and dyeing textile fabrics; in Al refining; as pesticide; boiler compds for softening water; tanning and finishing leather.
Therap-Cat-Vet: Formerly used as purgative in horses, ruminatoric in cattle.

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