Benzylamine
Title: Benzylamine
CAS Registry Number: 100-46-9
CAS Name: Benzenemethanamine
Additional Names: aminotoluene; phenylmethylamine; moringine
Molecular Formula: C7H9N
Molecular Weight: 107.15
Percent Composition: C 78.46%, H 8.47%, N 13.07%
Literature References: Prepn from benzylchloride and ammonia: Mason, J. Chem. Soc. 63, 1311 (1893); by redn of benzonitrile: Carothers, Jones, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 47, 3051 (1925); from benzyl bromide + acetamide: Erikson, Ber. 59, 2665 (1926); from N-benzylphthalimide + hydrazine hydrate: Ing, Manske, J. Chem. Soc. 129, 2348 (1926). Identity with moringine: Chakravarti, Bull. Calcutta Sch. Trop. Med. 3, 162 (1955); C.A. 50, 16891e (1956).
Properties: Liquid; strongly alkaline reaction. bp 185°; bp12 90°. d419 0.983. nD20 1.5401. Miscible with water, alcohol, ether.
Boiling point: bp 185°; bp12 90°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.5401
Density: d419 0.983
 
Derivative Type: Hydrochloride
Molecular Formula: C7H9N.HCl
Molecular Weight: 143.61
Percent Composition: C 58.54%, H 7.02%, N 9.75%, Cl 24.69%
Properties: Crystals, mp 253°.
Melting point: mp 253°
 
Derivative Type: Hydroiodide
Molecular Formula: C7H9N.HI
Molecular Weight: 235.07
Percent Composition: C 35.77%, H 4.29%, N 5.96%, I 53.99%
Properties: Leaflets, mp 162°.
Melting point: mp 162°
 
CAUTION: Highly irritating to skin, mucous membranes.
Use: In organic synthesis.

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