Buformin
Title: Buformin
CAS Registry Number: 692-13-7
CAS Name: N-Butylimidodicarbonimidic diamide
Additional Names: 1-butylbiguanide; n-butylbiguanide; butyldiguanide; butformin
Manufacturers' Codes: W-37
Molecular Formula: C6H15N5
Molecular Weight: 157.22
Percent Composition: C 45.84%, H 9.62%, N 44.54%
Literature References: Prepn: Shapiro et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 81, 3728 (1959); Shapiro, Freedman, US 2961377 (1960 to USV). Toxicity study: Rikimaru et al., J. Antibiot. 18A, 196 (1965).
Properties: Strong base. Very sol in water.
 
Derivative Type: Hydrochloride
CAS Registry Number: 1190-53-0
Trademarks: Andere (Toyama); Biforon (Meiji); Bigunal (Nikken); Bufonamin (Kaken); Bulbonin (Sankyo); Diabrin (USV); Dibetos (Kodama); Gliporal (Grossmann); Insulamin (Iwaki); Krebon; Panformin (Shionogi); Silubin; Sindiatil; Tidemol (Roche); Ziavetine
Molecular Formula: C6H15N5.HCl
Molecular Weight: 193.68
Percent Composition: C 37.21%, H 8.33%, N 36.16%, Cl 18.30%
Properties: Crystals, mp 174-177°. Freely sol in water, alcohol. LD50 i.p. in mice: 380 mg/kg (Rikimaru).
Melting point: mp 174-177°
Toxicity data: LD50 i.p. in mice: 380 mg/kg (Rikimaru)
 
Derivative Type: Nitrate
Molecular Formula: C6H15N5.HNO3
Molecular Weight: 220.23
Percent Composition: C 32.72%, H 7.32%, N 38.16%, O 21.79%
Properties: Crystals from ethanol, dec 125-126°.
 
Therap-Cat: Antidiabetic.
Keywords: Antidiabetic; Biguanides.

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