Chloroquine
Title: Chloroquine
CAS Registry Number: 54-05-7
CAS Name: N4-(7-Chloro-4-quinolinyl)-N1,N1-diethyl-1,4-pentanediamine
Additional Names: 7-chloro-4-(4-diethylamino-1-methylbutylamino)quinoline
Manufacturers' Codes: SN-7618; RP-3377
Molecular Formula: C18H26ClN3
Molecular Weight: 319.87
Percent Composition: C 67.59%, H 8.19%, Cl 11.08%, N 13.14%
Literature References: Prepd by the condensation of 4,7-dichloroquinoline with 1-diethylamino-4-aminopentane: DE 683692 (1939); H. Andersag et al., US 2233970 (1941 to Winthrop); Surrey, Hammer, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 68, 113 (1946). Review: Hahn in Antibiotics vol. 3, J. W. Corcoran, F. E. Hahn, Eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1975) pp 58-78. Comprehensive description: D. D. Hong, Anal. Profiles Drug Subs. 5, 61-85 (1976). Comparative clinical trial with dapsone in rheumatoid arthritis: P. D. Fowler et al., Ann. Rheum. Dis. 43, 200 (1984); with penicillamine: T. Gibson et al., Br. J. Rheumatol. 26, 279 (1987).
Properties: mp 87°.
Melting point: mp 87°
 
Derivative Type: Diphosphate
CAS Registry Number: 50-63-5
Trademarks: Arechin (Polfa); Avloclor (AstraZeneca); Malaquin (Ahn Gook); Resochin (Bayer)
Molecular Formula: C18H26ClN3.2H3PO4
Molecular Weight: 515.86
Percent Composition: C 41.91%, H 6.25%, Cl 6.87%, N 8.15%, P 12.01%, O 24.81%
Properties: Bitter, colorless crystals. Dimorphic. One modification, mp 193-195°; the other, mp 215-218°. Freely sol in water; pH of 1% soln about 4.5; less sol at neutral and alkaline pH. Stable to heat in solns of pH 4.0 to 6.5. Practically insol in alcohol, benzene, chloroform, ether.
Melting point: mp 193-195°; mp 215-218°
 
Derivative Type: Sulfate
CAS Registry Number: 132-73-0
Trademarks: Aralen (Sanofi-Synthelabo); Nivaquine (Aventis)
Molecular Formula: C18H26ClN3.H2SO4
Molecular Weight: 417.95
Percent Composition: C 51.73%, H 6.75%, Cl 8.48%, N 10.05%, S 7.67%, O 15.31%
 
Therap-Cat: Antimalarial; antiamebic; antirheumatic. Lupus erythematosus suppressant.
Keywords: Antiamebic; Antiarthritic/Antirheumatic; Antimalarial; Lupus Erythematosus Suppressant.

Others monographs:
Thionaphthene-2-carboxylic AcidCyacetacideChromic CarbonateTuberculin
Malvidin ChlorideSodium TartratePeyonineAcrivastine
2-NaphtholFonazineXenonChlorine
ProtiofateCobaltous FormateAmphotalideInulin
©2016 DrugLead US FDA&EMEA