Fialuridine
Title: Fialuridine
CAS Registry Number: 69123-98-4
CAS Name: 1-(2-Deoxy-2-fluoro-b-D-arabinofuranosyl)-5-iodo-2,4(1H,3H)-pyrimidinedione
Additional Names: 1-(2-deoxy-2-fluoro-b-D-arabinofuranosyl)-5-iodouracil; 5-iodo-2¢-fluoroarauracil; FIAU
Molecular Formula: C9H10FIN2O5
Molecular Weight: 372.09
Percent Composition: C 29.05%, H 2.71%, F 5.11%, I 34.11%, N 7.53%, O 21.50%
Literature References: Exptl antiviral agent; nucleoside analog with antihepatitis B activity. Prepn: K. A. Watanabe et al., J. Med. Chem. 22, 21 (1979). Antiviral activity: J. M. Colacino, C. Lopez, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 24, 505 (1983); K. A. Staschke et al., Antiviral Res. 23, 45 (1994). Clinical pharmacokinetics: R. R. Bowsher et al., Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 38, 2134 (1994). Report of trial suspension: S. R. Ahmed, Lancet 342, 166 (1993). Evaluation of mechanism of hepatotoxicity: L. Cui et al., J. Clin. Invest. 95, 555 (1995). Clinical toxicological profile: W. Stevenson et al., Transplant. Proc. 27, 1219 (1995).
Properties: Crystals from ethanol, mp 216-217°.
Melting point: mp 216-217°

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