Isopropyl Nitrite
Title: Isopropyl Nitrite
CAS Registry Number: 541-42-4
CAS Name: Nitrous acid 1-methylethyl ester
Additional Names: 2-propanol nitrite; nitrous acid isopropyl ester
Molecular Formula: C3H7NO2
Molecular Weight: 89.09
Percent Composition: C 40.44%, H 7.92%, N 15.72%, O 35.92%
Line Formula: (CH3)2CHONO
Literature References: Prepd by treating isopropyl alcohol with nitrosyl chloride: Kornblum et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 77, 5531 (1955); by adding concd sulfuric acid and isopropyl alcohol to sodium nitrite: Levin, Hartung, Org. Synth. 24, 26 (1944).
Properties: Pale yellow oil. d40 0.856; d425 0.844. bp752 39-39.5°; bp745 39-40°. nD20 1.3520.
Boiling point: bp752 39-39.5°; bp745 39-40°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.3520
Density: d40 0.856; d425 0.844
CAUTION: Can cause vasodilation with fall in blood pressure, tachycardia, headache. Large doses can cause methemoglobinuria with cyanosis. Severe poisoning results in shock which can end fatally.
Use: Jet propellant.

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