Isosorbide Dinitrate
Title: Isosorbide Dinitrate
CAS Registry Number: 87-33-2
CAS Name: 1,4:3,6-Dianhydro-D-glucitol dinitrate
Additional Names: dinitrosorbide; 1,4:3,6-dianhydrosorbitol 2,5-dinitrate
Trademarks: Carvasin (Teofarma); Cedocard (Pharmacia); Corovliss (Roche); Dignonitrat (Sankyo); Dilatrate (Schwarz); Diniket (Schwarz); Frandol (Toa Eiyo); Imtack (AstraZeneca); Isocard (Schwarz); Isoket (Schwarz); IsoMack (Mack, Illert.); Isorbid (Wyeth); Isordil (Wyeth); Isostenase (Azupharma); Isotrate (Warner-Chilcott); Langoran (Aventis); Maycor (Parke-Davis); Myorexon (AstraZeneca); Nitorol (Eisai); Nitrol (Altana); Nitrosorbon (Pohl); Rifloc (Avensa); Risordan (Aventis); Sorbangil (Pharmacia); Sorbichew (AstraZeneca); Sorbidilat (AstraZeneca); Sorbid SA (AstraZeneca); Sorbitrate (AstraZeneca); Vascardin (Roche); Vasorbate (Roche)
Molecular Formula: C6H8N2O8
Molecular Weight: 236.14
Percent Composition: C 30.52%, H 3.41%, N 11.86%, O 54.20%
Literature References: Coronary vasodilator. Prepn from sorbitol: Goldberg, Acta Physiol. Scand. 15, 173 (1948), C.A. 42, 5564 (1948); Kochergin, Titkova, C.A. 54, 8647h (1960). Absorption and disposition in man: H. Laufen et al., Arzneim.-Forsch. 33, 980 (1983). Comprehensive description: L. A. Silvieri, N. J. DeAngelis, Anal. Profiles Drug Subs. 4, 225-244 (1975).
Properties: Hard colorless crystals, mp 70°. [a]D20 +135° (alc). Sparingly sol in water (1.089 mg/ml, also given as 1.0 g dissolves in 900 ml H2O). Freely sol in organic solvents, such as acetone, alc, ether.
Melting point: mp 70°
Optical Rotation: [a]D20 +135° (alc)
 
Derivative Type: Isosorbide-5-mononitrate
CAS Registry Number: 16051-77-7
Trademarks: Corangin (Novartis); Elan (Schwarz); Elantan (Schwarz); Imdur (Key); Ismo (Roche); Isomonat (Roche); Monicor (Fabre); Monit (Lorex); Mono-Cedocard (Altana); Monoclair (Hennig); Monoket (Schwarz); Mono Mack (Mack, Illert.); Monosorb (Dexcel); Olicard (Solvay); Pentacard (Cedona)
Molecular Formula: C6H9NO6
Molecular Weight: 191.14
Percent Composition: C 37.70%, H 4.75%, N 7.33%, O 50.22%
Literature References: Metabolite of isosorbide dinitrate.
 
Therap-Cat: Antianginal.
Keywords: Antianginal.

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