Title: Kenaf
Literature References: Both the annual herbaceous plant and the resulting fiber are known as Kenaf. Believed to have orginated in Western Sudan around 4000 BC, the fiber, primarily produced from Hibiscus cannibinus L., was traditionally used for ropes, canvas, sacks and carpets. Structural characterization of fibers: S. M. A. Shah et al., Pakistan J. Sci. Ind. Res. 23, 213 (1980); of bark and lignins: A. M. L. Seca et al., J. Agric. Food Chem. 46, 3100 (1998). Genetic diversity: Z. Cheng et al., Hereditas 136, 231 (2002). Evaluation in laminated products: G. N. Ramaswamy et al., Indust. Crops Products 17, 1 (2003). Brief review: C. L. Webber, III, R. E. Bledsoe, "Kenaf: Production, Harvesting, Processing, and Products" in New Crops, J. Janick, J. E. Simon, Eds. (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1993) pp 416-421. Review: H. P. Stout, "Jute and Kenaf" in Handbook of Fiber Science and Technology 4, M. Lewin, E. M. Pearce, Eds. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1985) pp 701-726; R. K. Maiti, N. Samajpati, Indian Agric. 44, 105-146 (2000).
Use: Traditionally in fiber production; more recently in pulping and papermaking, potting and filtration media, animal feed and as a jute substitute.

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