Title: m-Nitroaniline
CAS Registry Number: 99-09-2
CAS Name: 3-Nitrobenzenamine
Additional Names: m-nitraniline
Molecular Formula: C6H6N2O2
Molecular Weight: 138.12
Percent Composition: C 52.18%, H 4.38%, N 20.28%, O 23.17%
Literature References: Prepn by nitration of aniline: Holleman et al., Ber. 44, 704 (1911); by reduction of m-dinitrobenzene: Brady et al., J. Chem. Soc. 1929, 2266; Kubota et al., J. Pharm. Soc. Jpn. 76, 801 (1956); Kuhn, US 2768209 (1956 to Ringwood); from m-nitrobenzoic acid: Snyder et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75, 2014 (1953).
Properties: Yellow crystals from water, mp 114°. Calc bp 306°. d425 0.9011. One gram dissolves in 880 ml water, about 20 ml alcohol, 18 ml ether, 11.5 ml methanol. Forms water-sol salts with mineral acids.
Melting point: mp 114°
Boiling point: bp 306°
Density: d425 0.9011
CAUTION: Highly toxic; absorbed through skin. Avoid breathing dust; avoid contact with skin, eyes, clothing. In case of contact, immediately flush skin or eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes; for eyes, get medical attention. Wash clothing before reusing. Acute exposure can cause methemoglobinemia, cyanosis. Chronic exposure may cause liver damage.
Use: Dyestuff intermediate.

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