Neopentyl Alcohol
Title: Neopentyl Alcohol
CAS Registry Number: 75-84-3
CAS Name: 2,2-Dimethyl-1-propanol
Additional Names: tert-butyl carbinol; neoamyl alcohol; neopentanol
Molecular Formula: C5H12O
Molecular Weight: 88.15
Percent Composition: C 68.13%, H 13.72%, O 18.15%
Line Formula: (CH3)3CCH2OH
Literature References: Prepn: Conant et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 51, 1249 (1929). Review of manuf (by fractionation of fusel oil and via chlorination of pentanes) and properties: Industrial Chemicals, W. L. Faith et al., Eds. (Wiley & Sons, New York, 2nd ed., 1957) pp 107-114.
Properties: Volatile crystals, peppermint odor. bp 114°. mp 53°. d420 0.812. Vapor pressure: 16 mm at 20°; 50.5 mm at 46°; 533.5 mm at 100°. Slightly sol in water (~3.5% at 25°); miscible with alcohol, ether.
Melting point: mp 53°
Boiling point: bp 114°
Density: d420 0.812

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