p-Nitroaniline
Title: p-Nitroaniline
CAS Registry Number: 100-01-6
Additional Names: p-Nitraniline
Molecular Formula: C6H6N2O2
Molecular Weight: 138.12
Percent Composition: C 52.18%, H 4.38%, N 20.28%, O 23.17%
Literature References: Prepn from acetanilide: Bart, US 2406578 (1946 to Am. Cyanamid); by Schmidt reaction: Stockel, Hall, Nature 197, 787 (1963).
Properties: Bright yellow powder, mp 146°. Calc bp 332°. One gram dissolves in 1250 ml water, 45 ml boiling water, 25 ml alcohol, 30 ml ether; sol in benzene, methanol. Forms water soluble salts with mineral acids.
Melting point: mp 146°
Boiling point: bp 332°
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure are irritation of nose and throat; cyanosis, ataxia; tachycardia, tachypnea; dyspnea; irritability; vomiting, diarrhea; convulsions; respiratory arrest; anemia; methemoglobinemia; jaundice. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 226.
Use: Dyestuff intermediate.

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