Sphingomyelins
Title: Sphingomyelins
Additional Names: Rowamyelin
Literature References: Sphingosine phosphatides occurring in the myelin sheaths of nerves. Prepn of beef heart sphingomyelin: Rapport, Lerner, J. Biol. Chem. 232, 63 (1958). Isoln from human and rat brain: Hausheer et al., Helv. Chim. Acta 46, 601 (1963). Structure: Fujino, J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 39, 45 (1952); Rouser et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 75, 310 (1953); Marinetti et al., ibid. 313. Structure of honey bee (Apis mellifera) sphingomyelin: Karlander et al., Biochim. Biophys. Acta 270, 117 (1972). Synthesis of dihydrosphingomyelins: Shapiro et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80, 2339 (1958). Synthesis of sphingomyelins: Shapiro et al., ibid. 81, 3743, 4360 (1959). Configuration: Shapiro, Flowers, ibid. 84, 1047 (1962). Monograph: S. R. Korey, The Biology of Myelin (Hoeber-Harper, New York, 1959).
Properties: Slightly hygroscopic powder. Occurs as a hydrate. Sol in hot abs alcohol, acetic acid, chloroform; slightly sol in pyridine. Practically insol in ether, acetone, water.

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