tert-Butyl Acetate
Title: tert-Butyl Acetate
CAS Registry Number: 540-88-5
CAS Name: Acetic acid 1,1-dimethylethyl ester
Additional Names: acetic acid tert-butyl ester
Molecular Formula: C6H12O2
Molecular Weight: 116.16
Percent Composition: C 62.04%, H 10.41%, O 27.55%
Line Formula: CH3COOC(CH3)3
Literature References: Prepn: Baker, Bordwell; Hauser et al., Org. Synth. coll. vol. III, 141, 142 (1955). Manuf from acetic acid and isobutylene: Young, Pare, US 3031495 (1962 to Sinclair); Wheeler et al., US 3102905 (1963 to Celanese); Heisler et al., US 3096365 (1963 to Texaco); Faith, Keyes & Clark's Industrial Chemicals, F. A. Lowenheim, M. K. Moran, Eds. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 4th ed., 1975) pp 171-177.
Properties: Liquid, bp 97.8°. d420 0.8665, d425 0.8593. nD20 1.3870. Practically insol in water. Miscible with alcohol, ether.
Boiling point: bp 97.8°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.3870
Density: d420 0.8665; d425 0.8593
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure are itching and inflammation of eyes; irritation of upper respiratory tract; headache; narcosis; dermatitis. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 38.
Use: As gasoline additive (Wheeler et al.).

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