tert-Butyl Nitrite
Title: tert-Butyl Nitrite
CAS Registry Number: 540-80-7
CAS Name: Nitrous acid 1,1-dimethyl ethyl ester
Additional Names: a,a-dimethylethyl nitrite; nitrous acid tert-butyl ester
Molecular Formula: C4H9NO2
Molecular Weight: 103.12
Percent Composition: C 46.59%, H 8.80%, N 13.58%, O 31.03%
Line Formula: (CH3)3CONO
Literature References: Prepd by adding t-butyl chloride to a cooled slurry of silver nitrite and anhydr ether: Kornblum et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 77, 5528 (1955); by passing NO2 or NO2 + NO into t-butyl alcohol at 25-30°: Treacy, US 2739166 (1956); from t-butanol, sodium nitrite and sulfuric acid: Coe, Doumani, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 70, 1516 (1948).
Properties: Yellow liquid, agreeable odor. d40 0.8941; d420 0.8671. bp760 63°; bp250 34°; nD20 1.3687. Very sol in alcohol, ether, chloroform, carbon disulfide; slightly sol in water; practically insol in glycerol.
Boiling point: bp760 63°; bp250 34°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.3687
Density: d40 0.8941; d420 0.8671
Use: Jet propellant.

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