Trichloroacetonitrile
Title: Trichloroacetonitrile
CAS Registry Number: 545-06-2
Additional Names: Trichloromethylnitrile
Trademarks: Tritox
Molecular Formula: C2Cl3N
Molecular Weight: 144.39
Percent Composition: C 16.64%, Cl 73.66%, N 9.70%
Line Formula: CCl3CN
Literature References: Prepd from ethyl trichloroacetate and aq ammonia, and physical and thermodynamic properties: Davies, Jenkin, J. Chem. Soc. 1954, 2374; by action of phosphorus pentoxide on trichloroacetamide: Carpenter, J. Org. Chem. 27, 2085 (1962). Manuf by reaction of methylnitrile, HCl and chlorine gas: Käbisch, US 2745868 (1956 to Degussa). Toxicity study: H. F. Smyth et al., Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 23, 95 (1962).
Properties: Liquid, bp760 85.7°; d425 1.4403, d435 1.4223; nD20.0 1.4409, nD27.0 1.4375. LD50 orally in rats: 0.25 g/kg (Smyth).
Boiling point: bp760 85.7°
Index of refraction: nD20.0 1.4409; nD27.0 1.4375
Density: d425 1.4403; d435 1.4223
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 0.25 g/kg (Smyth)
CAUTION: A strong irritant to eyes, skin.
Use: Insecticide.

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