Venlafaxine
Title: Venlafaxine
CAS Registry Number: 93413-69-5
CAS Name: 1-[2-(Dimethylamino)-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethyl]cyclohexanol
Additional Names: (±)-1-[a-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-p-methoxybenzyl]cyclohexanol; N,N-dimethyl-2-(1-hydroxycyclohexyl)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethylamine; venlafexine
Molecular Formula: C17H27NO2
Molecular Weight: 277.40
Percent Composition: C 73.61%, H 9.81%, N 5.05%, O 11.54%
Literature References: Serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI). Prepn: G. E. M. Husbands et al., EP 112669; US 4535186 (1984, 1985 both to Am. Home Prods.); and resolution of isomers: J. P. Yardley et al., J. Med. Chem. 33, 2899 (1990). Receptor binding studies: E. A. Muth et al., Biochem. Pharmacol. 35, 4493 (1986). HPLC determn in biological fluids: D. R. Hicks et al., Ther. Drug Monit. 16, 100 (1994). Clinical pharmacokinetics: K. J. Klamerus et al., J. Clin. Pharmacol. 32, 716 (1992). Clinical trial in major depression: E. Schweizer et al., J. Clin. Psychopharmacol. 11, 233 (1991). Review of pharmacology and clinical efficacy in depression: S. A. Montgomery, J. Clin. Psychiatry 54, 119-126 (1993). Clinical trial in generalized anxiety disorder: A. J. Gelenberg et al., J. Am. Med. Assoc. 283, 3082 (2000).
 
Derivative Type: Hydrochloride
CAS Registry Number: 99300-78-4
Manufacturers' Codes: Wy-45030
Trademarks: Effexor (Wyeth)
Molecular Formula: C17H27NO2.HCl
Molecular Weight: 313.86
Percent Composition: C 65.06%, H 8.99%, N 4.46%, O 10.20%, Cl 11.30%
Properties: White to off-white crystalline solid from methanol/ethyl acetate, mp 215-217°. Soly (mg/ml): 572 water. Partition coefficient (octanol/water): 0.43.
Melting point: mp 215-217°
Log P: Partition coefficient (octanol/water): 0.43
 
Derivative Type: (+)-Form
Properties: Crystals from ethyl acetate, mp 102-104°. [a]D25 +27.6° (c = 1.07 in 95% ethanol).
Melting point: mp 102-104°
Optical Rotation: [a]D25 +27.6° (c = 1.07 in 95% ethanol)
 
Derivative Type: (+)-Form hydrochloride
Manufacturers' Codes: Wy-45655
Properties: Crystals from methanol/ether, mp 240-240.5°. [a]D25 -4.7° (c = 0.945 in ethanol).
Melting point: mp 240-240.5°
Optical Rotation: [a]D25 -4.7° (c = 0.945 in ethanol)
 
Derivative Type: (-)-Form
Properties: Crystals from ethyl acetate, mp 102-104°. [a]D25 -27.1° (c = 1.04 in 95% ethanol).
Melting point: mp 102-104°
Optical Rotation: [a]D25 -27.1° (c = 1.04 in 95% ethanol)
 
Derivative Type: (-)-Form hydrochloride
Manufacturers' Codes: Wy-45651
Properties: Crystals from methanol/ether, mp 240-240.5°. [a]D25 +4.6° (c = 1.0 in ethanol).
Melting point: mp 240-240.5°
Optical Rotation: [a]D25 +4.6° (c = 1.0 in ethanol)
 
Therap-Cat: Antidepressant.
Keywords: Antidepressant; Serotonin Noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitor (SNRI).

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