2,2-Dichloroacetyl Chloride
Title: 2,2-Dichloroacetyl Chloride
CAS Registry Number: 79-36-7
CAS Name: Dichloroethanoyl chloride
Molecular Formula: C2HCl3O
Molecular Weight: 147.39
Percent Composition: C 16.30%, H 0.68%, Cl 72.16%, O 10.86%
Line Formula: Cl2CHCOCl
Literature References: Prepd from pentachloroethane: Ott, DE 362748 (1922 to Weiler ter Meer); from chloroform and carbon monoxide in presence of aluminum chloride at high pressure (21% yield): Frank et al., Ind. Eng. Chem. 41, 2061 (1949). Toxicity study: Smyth et al., Arch. Ind. Hyg. Occup. Med. 4, 119 (1951).
Properties: Liquid. Fumes in air; acrid, penetrating odor. d416 1.5315. bp760 107-108°; bp739 106-107°. nD16 1.4638. Dec upon contact with water, alcohol. Miscible with ether. LD50 orally in rats: 2.46 g/kg (Smyth).
Boiling point: bp760 107-108°; bp739 106-107°
Index of refraction: nD16 1.4638
Density: d416 1.5315
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 2.46 g/kg (Smyth)
CAUTION: Irritating to eyes, mucous membranes.

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