2-Amino-1-butanol
Title: 2-Amino-1-butanol
CAS Registry Number: 96-20-8
Additional Names: 2-Amino-n-butyl alcohol
Molecular Formula: C4H11NO
Molecular Weight: 89.14
Percent Composition: C 53.90%, H 12.44%, N 15.71%, O 17.95%
Line Formula: CH3CH2CH(NH2)CH2OH
Literature References: Prepd from 2-nitro-1-butanol by reduction or catalytic hydrogenation: Stiénon, Chem. Zentralbl. 1902, I, 717; Vanderbilt, Haas, US 2174242 (1940); Johnson, Degering, J. Org. Chem. 8, 7 (1943).
Properties: Liquid. d2020 0.944. mp -2°. bp760 178°; bp10 79-80°. nD20 1.453. Miscible with water. Sol in alcohols. pH of 0.1 molar aq soln 11.1.
Melting point: mp -2°
Boiling point: bp760 178°; bp10 79-80°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.453
Density: d2020 0.944
 
Derivative Type: Hydrochloride
Molecular Formula: C4H11NO.HCl
Molecular Weight: 125.60
Percent Composition: C 38.25%, H 9.63%, N 11.15%, O 12.74%, Cl 28.23%
Properties: Deliquesc needles.
 
Derivative Type: Platinichloride monohydrate
Molecular Formula: (C4H11NO)2.2HCl.PtCl4.H2O
Molecular Weight: 606.11
Percent Composition: C 15.85%, H 4.32%, N 4.62%, O 7.92%, Cl 35.10%, Pt 32.19%
Properties: Yellow leaflets, dec 189-190°. Moderately sol in water, freely sol in alcohol.
 
Derivative Type: Oxalate
Molecular Formula: (C4H11NO)2.C2H2O4
Molecular Weight: 268.31
Percent Composition: C 44.76%, H 9.02%, N 10.44%, O 35.78%
Properties: mp 176°.
Melting point: mp 176°
 
Use: In the synthesis of surface-active agents, vulcanization accelerators, pharmaceuticals. As emulsifying agent for cosmetic creams and lotions, mineral oil and paraffin wax emulsions, leather dressings, textile specialties, polishes, cleaning compounds, so-called soluble oils.

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