3-Pentanol
Title: 3-Pentanol
CAS Registry Number: 584-02-1
Additional Names: Diethyl carbinol
Molecular Formula: C5H12O
Molecular Weight: 88.15
Percent Composition: C 68.13%, H 13.72%, O 18.15%
Line Formula: CH3CH2CH(OH)CH2CH3
Literature References: Prepn: Brown, Nakagawa, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 77, 3614 (1955). Toxicity study: H. F. Smyth et al., Arch. Ind. Hyg. Occup. Med. 10, 61 (1954). Review of manuf and properties: Industrial Chemicals, W. L. Faith et al., Eds. (John Wiley, New York, 2nd ed., 1957) pp 107-114.
Properties: Liquid, characteristic odor. bp 115.6°, bp738 113.5-113.7°. d425 0.815; nD25 1.4077, nD20 1.4097. Slightly sol in water (5.5 g/100 g at 30°); sol in alcohol, ether. LD50 orally in rats: 1.87 g/kg (Smyth).
Boiling point: bp 115.6°; bp738 113.5-113.7°
Index of refraction: nD25 1.4077; nD20 1.4097
Density: d425 0.815
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 1.87 g/kg (Smyth)
CAUTION: See 1-Pentanol.
Use: Flotation agent; solvent in organic synthesis.

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