Ammonium Acetate
Title: Ammonium Acetate
CAS Registry Number: 631-61-8
Additional Names: Acetic acid ammonium salt
Molecular Formula: C2H7NO2
Molecular Weight: 77.08
Percent Composition: C 31.16%, H 9.15%, N 18.17%, O 41.51%
Line Formula: CH3COONH4
Literature References: Commercial product contains 95-97% salt with acetic acid and some water. Prepd from acetic acid and NH3: Zuffanti, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 63, 3123 (1941). Toxicity data: Welch et al., J. Lab. Clin. Med. 29, 809 (1944).
Properties: Deliquesc crystals or crystalline masses. Slight acetous odor. d 1.07. mp 114° (Zuffanti, loc. cit.). Tends to lose NH3. Sol in less than 1 part water; freely sol in alc; slightly sol in acetone. Very concd aq soln is slightly acid; a 0.5 molar aq soln has pH 7.0. Keep cool and tightly closed. LD i.v. in mice: 1.8 mg (NH4+)/20g (Welch).
Melting point: mp 114° (Zuffanti, loc. cit.)
Density: d 1.07
Toxicity data: LD i.v. in mice: 1.8 mg (NH4+)/20g (Welch)
Derivative Type: Ammonium acetate solution
CAS Registry Number: 8013-61-4
Additional Names: Spirit of Mindererus
Properties: Colorless, clear liquid; acid reaction to litmus. Prepd from 1 g ammonium carbonate, 20 ml dil acetic acid (6%). Contains 6.5-7.5% CH3COONH4.
Use: Preserving meats, dyeing, stripping; as a reagent in anal. chemistry, e.g., for determining Pb, Fe; separating PbSO4 from other sulfates.
Therap-Cat: Diuretic.
Therap-Cat-Vet: Formerly as diuretic, antipyretic.

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