Title: Andrographis
Additional Names: Chuan-xin-lian; Kalmegh
Literature References: Herbaceous plant, Andrographis paniculata Nees, Acanthaceae, which has been used in Asian traditional medicine as an antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, and hepatoprotectant. Habit. Tropical regions of Asia; common ground flora in dry deciduous forests of southeastern India. Constit. Andrographolide, q.v., deoxyandrographolide, neoandrographolide, andrographidines, paniculides. Brief description: R. D. Girach et al., Int. J. Pharmacognosy 32, 95 (1994). Review of constituents and pharmacology: W. Tang, G. Eisenbrand, Chinese Drugs of Plant Origin (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992) pp 97-103. Chromatographic analysis of diterpenoids in leaves: S. Saxena et al., Phytochem. Anal. 11, 34 (2000). Clinical evaluation in respiratory tract infections: J. Melchior et al., Phytomedicine 7, 341 (2000); in familial Mediterranean fever: G. Amaryan et al., ibid. 10, 271 (2003). In vitro anticancer and immunostimulatory activities: R. A. Kumar et al., J. Ethnopharmacol. 92, 291 (2004).
Therap-Cat: In treatment of upper respiratory infections; hepatoprotectant.

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