Chlorobenzene
Title: Chlorobenzene
CAS Registry Number: 108-90-7
Additional Names: Monochlorobenzene; benzene chloride
Molecular Formula: C6H5Cl
Molecular Weight: 112.56
Percent Composition: C 64.02%, H 4.48%, Cl 31.50%
Literature References: Produced by the chlorination of benzene in the presence of a catalyst. Review of manuf, properties, and use: Faith, Keyes & Clark's Industrial Chemicals, F. A. Lowenheim, M. K. Moran, Eds. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 4th ed., 1975) pp 258-265. Review of toxicology and human exposure: Toxicological Profile for Chlorobenzene (PB91-180505, 1990) 100 pp.
Properties: Colorless, very refractive liquid; faint, not unpleasant odor. d420 1.107. bp 131-132°. Solidif -55°. mp -45°. Flash pt 28°C. nD20 1.5248. Insol in water. Freely sol in alcohol, benzene, chloroform, ether.
Melting point: mp -45°
Boiling point: bp 131-132°
Flash point: Flash pt 28°C
Index of refraction: nD20 1.5248
Density: d420 1.107
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure are irritation of skin, eyes and nose; drowsiness, incoordination; CNS depression. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 62.
Use: Manuf phenol, aniline, DDT; solvent for paints; heat transfer medium.

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