Nitrosyl Chloride
Title: Nitrosyl Chloride
CAS Registry Number: 2696-92-6
Molecular Formula: ClNO
Molecular Weight: 65.46
Percent Composition: Cl 54.16%, N 21.40%, O 24.44%
Line Formula: NOCl
Literature References: Best prepared from nitrosylsulfuric acid and dry HCl: Coleman et al., Inorg. Synth. 1, 55 (1939).
Properties: Non-explosive, very corrosive, reddish-yellow gas; liquid at -5.5°; solid at -61.5°. Decomposed by water. Sol in fuming H2SO4. Critical temp 167°; crit press. 92.4 atm. The orange color of aqua regia is produced by nitrosyl chloride.
CAUTION: Intensely irritating to eyes, skin, mucous membranes. Inhalation may cause pulmonary edema, hemorrhage.

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