Anise
Title: Anise
Additional Names: Aniseed
Literature References: Dried ripe fruit of Pimpinella anisum L., Umbelliferae. Habit. Western Asia, Egypt; cultivated in Southern Europe, India and U.S. Constit. Coumarins including scopoletin, umbelliferone; flavonol and flavone glycosides; 2-6% volatile oil, 50% carbohydrate, 16% lipids, b-amyrin, stigmasterol. Description and uses: J. Barnes et al., Herbal Medicines (Pharmaceutical Press, London, 2nd Ed., 2002) pp 51-54.
 
Derivative Type: Volatile oil
CAS Registry Number: 8007-70-3
Additional Names: Aniseed oil; oil of anise
Literature References: Constit. 80-95% trans-anethole, estragole (methylchavicol), anise ketone, b-caryophyllene, anisaldehyde.
Properties: Colorless or pale yellow, refractive liquid. d2525 0.978-0.988. Solidif pt not below 15°. aD +1 to -1°. nD20 1.553-1.560. Slightly sol in water; sol in about 3 vols alcohol, freely in chloroform, ether. Keep cool in well-closed and well-filled containers, protected from light.
Optical Rotation: aD +1 to -1°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.553-1.560
Density: d2525 0.978-0.988
 
Use: Pharmaceutic aid (flavor). As condiment and flavor in foods or beverages; in manuf of liqueurs.
Therap-Cat: Carminative; expectorant.

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