Chloroaniline
Title: Chloroaniline
Molecular Formula: C6H6ClN
Molecular Weight: 127.57
Percent Composition: C 56.49%, H 4.74%, Cl 27.79%, N 10.98%
Literature References: Prepn of m-, o- and p-isomers: Sidgwick, Rubie, J. Chem. Soc. 119, 1013 (1921). Manufacture of m- and p-isomers by catalytic hydrogenation of chloronitrobenzene: Pray, Trager, US 2791613 (1957 to Columbia-Southern Chem.); by reduction of chloronitrobenzene with NaHS: Latourette et al., US 2894035 (1959 to Food Machinery & Chem.). Properties of o-isomer: Dreisbach, Martin, Ind. Eng. Chem. 41, 2875 (1949). Toxicity data: H. F. Smyth et al., Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 23, 95 (1962).
 
Derivative Type: m-Chloroaniline
CAS Registry Number: 108-42-9
Additional Names: 3-Chlorobenzenamine
Properties: Liquid, bp 230.5°. mp -10.4°. d422 1.2150. nD20 1.5931. Practically insol in water. Sol in most common organic solvents.
Melting point: mp -10.4°
Boiling point: bp 230.5°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.5931
Density: d422 1.2150
 
Derivative Type: o-Chloroaniline
CAS Registry Number: 95-51-2
Properties: Liquid. At 99.61 mol-% purity, bp 208.84°; mp -1.94°. d422 1.2114. nD20 1.5895. Practically insol in water. Sol in acid and in most organic solvents.
Melting point: mp -1.94°
Boiling point: bp 208.84°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.5895
Density: d422 1.2114
 
Derivative Type: p-Chloroaniline
CAS Registry Number: 106-47-8
Properties: Orthorhombic crystals from alcohol or petr ether, mp 72.5°. bp 232°. d477 1.169. Sol in hot water; freely sol in alcohol, ether, acetone, carbon disulfide. LD50 orally in rats: 0.31 g/kg (Smyth).
Melting point: mp 72.5°
Boiling point: bp 232°
Density: d477 1.169
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 0.31 g/kg (Smyth)

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