Title: Choline
CAS Registry Number: 62-49-7
CAS Name: 2-Hydroxy-N,N,N-trimethylethanaminium
Additional Names: (b-hydroxyethyl)trimethylammonium; bilineurine
Molecular Formula: [C5H14NO]+
Literature References: Basic constituent of lecithin. Found in many plants and animal organs, e.g. bile, brain, yolk of eggs, hops, belladonna, strophanthus. Usually made synthetically from trimethylamine and ethylene chlorohydrin or ethylene oxide: Blackett, Soliday, US 2774759 (1956 to Am. Cyanamid). Review: T. H. Jukes in Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology vol. 6 (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 3rd ed., 1979) pp 19-28.
Derivative Type: Hydroxide
Additional Names: Bursine; fagine; gossypine; luridine; sincaline; vidine
Molecular Formula: C5H15NO2
Molecular Weight: 121.18
Percent Composition: C 49.56%, H 12.48%, N 11.56%, O 26.41%
Properties: Viscid, strongly alkaline liq, has been crystallized; absorbs CO2 from the air. Very sol in water, alcohol. Insol in ether. Keep tightly closed.

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