Cidofovir
Title: Cidofovir
CAS Registry Number: 113852-37-2
CAS Name: [[(1S)-2-(4-Amino-2-oxo-1(2H)-pyrimidinyl)-1-(hydroxymethyl)ethoxy]methyl]phosphonic acid
Additional Names: (S)-1-[3-hydroxy-2-(phosphonylmethoxy)propyl]cytosine; (S)-HPMPC
Manufacturers' Codes: GS-504
Trademarks: Vistide (Gilead)
Molecular Formula: C8H14N3O6P
Molecular Weight: 279.19
Percent Composition: C 34.42%, H 5.05%, N 15.05%, O 34.38%, P 11.09%
Literature References: DNA synthesis inhibitor. Prepn: A. Holy et al., EP 253412; eidem, US 5142051 (1988, 1992 both to Ceskoslov. Akad. Ved; Rega Inst.); and activity vs cytomegalovirus: R. Snoeck et al., Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 32, 1839 (1988). Syntheses: J. J. Bronson et al., Nucleosides Nucleotides 9, 745 (1990); P. R. Brodfuehrer et al., Tetrahedron Lett. 35, 3243 (1994). Activity vs herpes simplex virus: G. Andrei et al., Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 11, 143 (1992). Review of pharmacology and clinical studies: M. J. M. Hitchcock et al., Antiviral Chem. Chemother. 7, 115-127 (1996). Review of clinical potential in poxvirus infections: E. De Clercq, Trends Pharmacol. Sci. 23, 456-458 (2002).
Properties: Fluffy white powder, mp 260° (dec). [a]D20 -97.3° (c = 0.80 in water). Monohydrate, uv max (pH 2): 279 nm (e 13000).
Melting point: mp 260° (dec)
Optical Rotation: [a]D20 -97.3° (c = 0.80 in water)
Absorption maximum: uv max (pH 2): 279 nm (e 13000)
Therap-Cat: Antiviral.
Keywords: Antiviral; Purines/Pyrimidinones.

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