Crataegus
Title: Crataegus
Additional Names: Hawthorn; English hawthorn; haws; haw apple; aubépine
Literature References: Berries, flowers, and leaves of Crataegus oxyacantha L., Rosaceae. Habit. All temperate zones, abundant in Europe, a garden escape in North America. Constit. Triterpene acids (oleanolic, ursolic, crataegolic); purines; anthocyanin type pigments and flavone deriv (pelargonin, quercitrin); choline; acetylcholine; trimethylamine; chlorogenic acid; caffeic acid; ascorbic acid; a growth hormone for caterpillars; a substance named RN 30/9: Hahn et al., Arzneim.-Forsch. 10, 825 (1960). Some commercial extracts are: Curtacrat; Crataegus-Kreussler; Esbericard (Schaper & Brümmer) . Review and bibliography: F. Berger, Handbuch der Drogenkunde vol. 3 (Vienna, 1952) pp 202-211.
Therap-Cat: Cardiotonic, vasodilator (coronary).

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