Cyanoacetamide
Title: Cyanoacetamide
CAS Registry Number: 107-91-5
Additional Names: Malonamide nitrile
Molecular Formula: C3H4N2O
Molecular Weight: 84.08
Percent Composition: C 42.85%, H 4.80%, N 33.32%, O 19.03%
Line Formula: CNCH2CONH2
Literature References: Prepd by the action of aq or alcoholic ammonia on cyanoacetic ester: Hesse, Am. Chem. J. 18, 724 (1896); Thole, Thorpe, J. Chem. Soc. 99, 429 (1911); Ott, Löpmann, Ber. 55, 1258 (1922); Corson et al., Org. Synth. coll. vol. I (2nd ed., 1941) p 179.
Properties: Needles from alc, mp 119.5°. One gram dissolves in 6.5 ml of cold water. Soly in 100 ml of 95% alc: 1.3 g at 0°; 3.1 g at 26°; 7.0 g at 44°; 14.0 g at 62°; 21.5 g at 71°.
Melting point: mp 119.5°
Use: In organic syntheses (e.g., starting material for vitamin B6 synthesis).

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