Daminozide
Title: Daminozide
CAS Registry Number: 1596-84-5
CAS Name: Butanedioic acid mono(2,2-dimethylhydrazide)
Additional Names: N-(dimethylamino)succinamic acid; succinic acid 2,2-dimethylhydrazide
Manufacturers' Codes: B-9; B-995
Trademarks: Alar (Uniroyal); B-Nine (Uniroyal); Kylar (Uniroyal)
Molecular Formula: C6H12N2O3
Molecular Weight: 160.17
Percent Composition: C 44.99%, H 7.55%, N 17.49%, O 29.97%
Line Formula: HOOCCH2CH2CONHN(CH3)2
Literature References: Prepn: BE 613799, C.A. 57, 10281d (1962); H. A. Hageman, W. L. Hubbard, US 3257414 (1962, 1966 both to U.S. Rubber). Effect in controlling growth in apples: F. W. Southwick et al., Proc. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 92, 71 (1968); D. W. Greene et al., Fruit Var. J. 40, 41 (1986). In vitro and in vivo mechanism of action studies: K. Ryugo, R. M. Sachs, J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 94, 529 (1969). Hydrolysis to 1,1-dimethylhydrazine, q.v., and determn in food products: W. H. Newsome, J. Agric. Food Chem. 28, 319 (1980); M. K. Conditt, J. R. Baumgardner, J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. 71, 735 (1988). Discussion of toxicological evaluation: D. Campt, EPA Journal 13, 32 (1987).
Properties: Crystals, mp 154-155°. Soly 10% in water, 2.5% in acetone, 5% in methanol.
Melting point: mp 154-155°
Use: Plant growth regulator.

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