Ethylamine
Title: Ethylamine
CAS Registry Number: 75-04-7
CAS Name: Ethanamine
Additional Names: monoethylamine; aminoethane
Molecular Formula: C2H7N
Molecular Weight: 45.08
Percent Composition: C 53.29%, H 15.65%, N 31.07%
Line Formula: C2H5NH2
Literature References: Prepn from ethyliodide + liq ammonia: Watt, Otto, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 69, 836 (1947); from ethanol + ammonia: Davies et al., US 2609394 (1952 to ICI); Lemon, Myerly, US 3022349 (1962 to Union Carbide). Toxicity study: H. F. Smyth et al., Arch. Ind. Hyg. Occup. Med. 10, 61 (1954).
Properties: Flammable, liq; ammonia odor; strong alkaline reaction. d1515 0.689. bp 16.6°. Solidif -80°. Miscible with water, alcohol, ether. Keep tightly closed and in cold place. LD50 orally in rats: 0.40 g/kg (Smyth).
Boiling point: bp 16.6°
Density: d1515 0.689
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 0.40 g/kg (Smyth)
 
Derivative Type: Hydrochloride
CAS Registry Number: 557-66-4
Molecular Formula: C2H7N.HCl
Molecular Weight: 81.54
Percent Composition: C 29.46%, H 9.89%, N 17.18%, Cl 43.48%
Properties: Crystals from ethanol + water, mp 110°. d 1.22. Soluble in 0.4 part water; freely sol in alcohol; slightly sol in chloroform or acetone. Practically insol in ether. Keep well closed.
Melting point: mp 110°
Density: d 1.22
 
Derivative Type: Hydriodide
CAS Registry Number: 506-58-1
Molecular Formula: C2H7N.HI
Molecular Weight: 173.00
Percent Composition: C 13.89%, H 4.66%, N 8.10%, I 73.36%
Properties: Hygroscopic crystals, mp 188°. d 2.10. Freely sol in water or alcohol. Practically insol in chloroform, ether. Keep well closed and protected from light.
Melting point: mp 188°
Density: d 2.10
 
Derivative Type: Oleate
CAS Registry Number: 39664-27-2
Additional Names: Ethanamine (Z)-9-octadecenoate
Trademarks: Etalate
Molecular Formula: C2H7N.C18H34O2
Molecular Weight: 327.55
Percent Composition: C 73.34%, H 12.62%, N 4.28%, O 9.77%
Properties: Commercial prepn is a 5% soln with 2% benzyl alcohol as anodyne.
 
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure are irritation of eyes, skin and respiratory system; skin burns; dermatitis. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 132.
Use: In resin chemistry; stabilizer for rubber latex; intermediate for dyestuffs, medicinals; in oil refining; in organic syntheses.
Therap-Cat: Oleate as a sclerosing agent.
Keywords: Sclerosing Agent.

Others monographs:
Tetraethylammonium HydroxideSikkimotoxinPilocarpusEthyl Oxalacetate
SMEAHSuccinylsulfathiazoleAmidosulfuronTaxine
BenziodaroneFerric SulfateKopsineLysostaphin
Carbacrylic ResinsSolanMetofenazateCastanospermine
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