m-Chlorobenzoic Acid
Title: m-Chlorobenzoic Acid
CAS Registry Number: 535-80-8
CAS Name: 3-Chlorobenzoic acid
Molecular Formula: C7H5ClO2
Molecular Weight: 156.57
Percent Composition: C 53.70%, H 3.22%, Cl 22.64%, O 20.44%
Literature References: Prepn by catalytic oxidation of 1-chloro-3-ethylbenzene: Emerson et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 71, 1742 (1949); by chlorination of benzoic acid: Gorvin, Chem. Ind. (London) 1951, 910; by the von Richter reaction from 1-chloro-4-nitrobenzene and alcoholic KCN: Samuel, J. Chem. Soc. 1960, 1318.
Properties: Crystals, mp 158°. d425 1.496. Sol in 2850 parts cold water; more sol in hot water; freely sol in alcohol, ether.
Melting point: mp 158°
Density: d425 1.496
 
Derivative Type: Methyl ester
Additional Names: Methyl m-chlorobenzoate
Molecular Formula: C8H7ClO2
Molecular Weight: 170.59
Percent Composition: C 56.33%, H 4.14%, Cl 20.78%, O 18.76%
Properties: mp 21°, bp 231°.
Melting point: mp 21°
Boiling point: bp 231°

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