Mineral Spirits
Title: Mineral Spirits
CAS Registry Number: 64475-85-0
CAS Name: Petroleum spirits
Additional Names: white spirits; turpentine substitutes
Literature References: Name applied to various types of hydrocarbon solvents, primarily petroleum distillates, which have flash points above 100°F (38°C) and distillation ranges between 300°F (149°C) and 415°F (213°C). See: ASTM Standard Specifications D 235-83, 71-73 (1983). Review of toxicology and human exposure: Toxicological Profile for Stoddard Solvent (PB95-264263, 1995) 169 pp.
 
Derivative Type: Type I
CAS Registry Number: 8052-41-3
Additional Names: Stoddard solvent
Trademarks: Texsolve S (Texaco); Varsol 1 (Exxon)
Properties: Regular mineral spirits. Clear liquid. Flash pt (min): 38°C (100°F). d15.615.6 0.754-0.820. Distillation range: initial bp (min), 149°C (300°F); 50% recovered (max), 182°C (360°F); dry pt (max), 208°C (407°F).
Boiling point: initial bp (min), 149°C (300°F); 50% recovered (max), 182°C (360°F); dry pt (max), 208°C (407°F)
Flash point: Flash pt (min): 38°C (100°F)
Density: d15.615.6 0.754-0.820
 
Derivative Type: Type II
Properties: High flash point mineral spirits. Flash pt (min): 60°C (140°F). d15.615.6 0.768-0.820. Distillation range: initial bp (min), 177°C (350°F); 50% recovered (max), 196°C (385°F); dry pt (max), 211°C (412°F).
Boiling point: initial bp (min), 177°C (350°F); 50% recovered (max), 196°C (385°F); dry pt (max), 211°C (412°F)
Flash point: Flash pt (min): 60°C (140°F)
Density: d15.615.6 0.768-0.820
 
Derivative Type: Type III
Properties: Odorless mineral spirits. Flash pt (min): 38°C (100°F). d15.615.6 0.775 (max). Distillation range: initial bp (min), 149°C (300°F); 50% recovered (max), 196°C (385°F); dry pt (max), 213°C (415°F).
Boiling point: initial bp (min), 149°C (300°F); 50% recovered (max), 196°C (385°F); dry pt (max), 213°C (415°F)
Flash point: Flash pt (min): 38°C (100°F)
Density: d15.615.6 0.775 (max)
 
Derivative Type: Type IV
Trademarks: Texsolve S-2 (Texaco); Varsol 3 (Exxon)
Properties: Low dry point mineral spirits. Flash pt (min): 38°C (100°F). d15.615.6 0.754-0.800. Distillation range: initial bp (min), 149°C (300°F); 50% recovered (max), 174°C (345°F); dry pt (max), 185°C (365°F).
Boiling point: initial bp (min), 149°C (300°F); 50% recovered (max), 174°C (345°F); dry pt (max), 185°C (365°F)
Flash point: Flash pt (min): 38°C (100°F)
Density: d15.615.6 0.754-0.800
 
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure to stoddard solvent are irritation of eyes, nose, throat; dizziness; dermatitis; aspiration of liquid may cause chemical pneumonia. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 286.
Use: Solvent; paint thinner. In the coatings and dry cleaning industries.

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