n-Propyl Nitrate
Title: n-Propyl Nitrate
CAS Registry Number: 627-13-4
CAS Name: Nitric acid propyl ester
Molecular Formula: C3H7NO3
Molecular Weight: 105.09
Percent Composition: C 34.29%, H 6.71%, N 13.33%, O 45.67%
Line Formula: CH3CH2CH2ONO2
Literature References: Prepd by nitration of propanol with nitric acid, usually in the presence of urea and ammonium nitrate or sulfuric acid: Vogel, J. Chem. Soc. 1948, 1847.
Properties: Pale yellow liquid. Sweet, sickly odor. d420 1.0538. bp762 110°. Heating may cause it to explode. nD20 1.3979. Dipole moment: 2.98. Azeotrope with water contg 75% C3H7NO3, bp760 84.8°. Very slightly sol in water. Sol in alcohol, ether. Physical data concerning combustion and propulsion: Penner, Ducarme, The Chemistry of Propellants (Pergamon Press, 1960).
Boiling point: bp762 110°; bp760 84.8°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.3979
Density: d420 1.0538
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure in exptl animals are irritation of eyes and skin; methemoglobinemia, anoxia, cyanosis; dyspnea, weakness, dizziness, headache. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 270.
Use: Fuel ignition promoter, in rocket fuel formulations, as organic intermediate.

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