Nitryl Chloride
Title: Nitryl Chloride
CAS Registry Number: 13444-90-1
Additional Names: Nitroxyl chloride
Molecular Formula: ClNO2
Molecular Weight: 81.46
Percent Composition: Cl 43.52%, N 17.19%, O 39.28%
Line Formula: NO2Cl
Literature References: Conveniently prepd by the addn of chlorosulfonic acid to nitric acid: Dachlauer, DE 509405 (1929 to I. G. Farben); Kaplan, Schechter, Inorg. Synth. 4, 52 (1953); Collis et al., J. Chem. Soc. 1958, 438.
Properties: Corrosive, toxic, colorless gas. Chlorine-like odor. Vapor density (100°): 2.81 g/l. Dec >120°. bp -14.3°. mp -145°. d0liq 1.37; d16liq 1.33. Even the purest liquid may have a pale yellow color. Solns in polar solvents are always yellow. The gas or liquid may attack organic matter with explosive violence.
Melting point: mp -145°
Boiling point: bp -14.3°
Density: d0liq 1.37; d16liq 1.33
CAUTION: Strong irritant, corrosive.
Use: Nitrating and chlorinating agent in organic syntheses.

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