Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate
Title: Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate
CAS Registry Number: 78-11-5
CAS Name: 2,2-Bis[(nitrooxy)methyl]-1,3-propanediol dinitrate (ester)
Additional Names: pentaerythrityl tetranitrate; 2,2-bisdihydroxymethyl-1,3-propanediol tetranitrate; PETN; nitropentaerythritol; penthrit; niperyt
Trademarks: Lentrat; Hasethrol; Peritrate (Warner-Chilcott); Mycardol (Winthrop); Nitropenton; Pentral 80; Dilcoran-80 (Gecke); Terpate (Geneva); Pentrite; Perityl; Pentanitrine; Prevangor; Subicard; Pentryate; Vasodiatol (Rowell); Neo-Corovas; Pentafin; Quintrate; Pergitral; Pentitrate; Metranil; Cardiacap (Consolidated Chem.); Angitet (Purdue Frederick); Nitropenta
Molecular Formula: C5H8N4O12
Molecular Weight: 316.14
Percent Composition: C 19.00%, H 2.55%, N 17.72%, O 60.73%
Literature References: Prepn: Acken, Vyverberg, US 2370437 (1945 to Du Pont). GC/MS analysis in post-explosion residues: T. Tamiri et al. in Adv. Anal. Detect. Explosives, J. Yinon, Ed. (Kluwer, Netherlands, 1993) pp 323-334.
Properties: Tetragonal holohedra from acetone + alcohol, mp 140°. d420 1.773. Soluble in acetone. Practically insoluble in water (1.5 g/ml). Sparingly sol in alcohol, ether. Does not reduce Fehling's soln (difference from erythrityl tetranitrate). Explodes on percussion. More sensitive to shock than TNT. For medicinal purposes it is dil with an inert ingredient, usually lactose, to prevent accidental explosions.
Melting point: mp 140°
Density: d420 1.773
Use: Mainly in the manuf of detonating fuse (Primacord), a waterproof textile filled with powdered PETN.
Therap-Cat: Vasodilator (coronary).
Keywords: Antianginal; Vasodilator (Coronary).

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