Pentane
Title: Pentane
CAS Registry Number: 109-66-0
Additional Names: n-Pentane
Molecular Formula: C5H12
Molecular Weight: 72.15
Percent Composition: C 83.23%, H 16.76%
Line Formula: CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3
Literature References: Occurs in petroleum; it is a constituent of petr ether. Sepn from natural gasoline: Love, Pet. Eng. 12, no. 10, 130 sqq (1941), C.A. 35, 7162 (1941); from virgin naphthas: Tongberg et al., Ind. Eng. Chem. 30, 166 (1938). Prepd by dehydration and subsequent hydrogenation of 2- and 3-pentanol: Mair, Bur. Stand. J. Res. 9, 457 (1932); from 2-bromopentane by Grignard reaction: Noller, Org. Synth. 11, 84 (1931). Toxicity data: Fühner, Biochem. Z. 115, 235 (1921).
Properties: Flammable liq. d40 0.64529; d420 0.62638; d430 0.6163; mp -129.7°. bp760 36.1°; bp400 18.5°; bp200 1.9°; bp100 -12.6°; bp60 -22.2°; bp40 -29.2°; bp20 -40.2°; bp10 -50.1°; bp5 -62.5°; bp1.0 -76.6°; nD20 1.35768. Flash pt, closed cup: <-40°F (-40°C). Explosive limits, % by vol in air: lower 1.4; upper 8.0. Autoignition temp +588°F (+309°C). Soly in water at 16°: 0.36 g/l. Miscible with alc, ether, many organic solvents. LC (in air) in mice: 377 mg/l (Fühner).
Melting point: mp -129.7°
Boiling point: bp760 36.1°; bp400 18.5°; bp200 1.9°; bp100 -12.6°; bp60 -22.2°; bp40 -29.2°; bp20 -40.2°; bp10 -50.1°; bp5 -62.5°; bp1.0 -76.6°
Flash point: Flash pt, closed cup: <-40°F (-40°C)
Index of refraction: nD20 1.35768
Density: d40 0.64529; d420 0.62638; d430 0.6163
Toxicity data: LC (in air) in mice: 377 mg/l (Fühner)
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure are drowsiness; irritation of eyes, skin, nose. Direct contact may cause dermatitis; aspiration of liquid may cause chemical pneumonia. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 244.

Others monographs:
Periodic AcidPhenylmercuric NitrateMagnesium HexafluorosilicateAndroisoxazole
3,5-Dibromo-4-hydroxybenzenesulfonic AcidMagaldrateIPTGArsenic Trifluoride
Catechu BlackStrontium IodideSpermidineSesamex
1-PenteneGentisic AcidBiguanideBismuth Tannate
©2016 DrugLead US FDA&EMEA