Perylene
Title: Perylene
CAS Registry Number: 198-55-0
Additional Names: Dibenz[de,kl]anthracene; peri-dinaphthalene
Molecular Formula: C20H12
Molecular Weight: 252.31
Percent Composition: C 95.21%, H 4.79%
Literature References: Occurs in coal tar. Isoln from pitch distillate: Cook et al., J. Chem. Soc. 1933, 395. From 2,2¢-dihydroxy-1,1¢-dinaphthyl: Zinke et al., Monatsh. Chem. 64, 415 (1934). From the reaction of phenanthrene with acrolein in anhydr HF: Weinmayr, US 2145905 (1939); cf. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 61, 949 (1939).
Properties: Yellow to colorless crystals from toluene. mp 273-274°. Sublimes 350-400°. d 1.35. Absorption spectrum: Clar, Ber. 65, 848 (1932). Freely sol in CS2, chloroform; moderately sol in benzene; slightly in ether, alcohol, acetone; very sparingly sol in petr ether. Insol in water.
Melting point: mp 273-274°
Density: d 1.35
 
Derivative Type: Monopicrate
Molecular Formula: C26H15N3O7
Molecular Weight: 481.41
Percent Composition: C 64.87%, H 3.14%, N 8.73%, O 23.26%
Properties: Dark violet-blue needles, mp 223-225°.
Melting point: mp 223-225°

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