Phosphorylcholine
Title: Phosphorylcholine
CAS Registry Number: 107-73-3
CAS Name: N,N,N-Trimethyl-2-(phosphonooxy)ethanaminium chloride
Additional Names: choline chloride dihydrogen phosphate; (2-hydroxyethyl)trimethylammonium chloride phosphate; phosphorylcholine chloride; choline phosphate chloride; choline chloride phosphate; choline phosphoric acid ester (chloride)
Molecular Formula: C5H15ClNO4P
Molecular Weight: 219.60
Percent Composition: C 27.35%, H 6.88%, Cl 16.14%, N 6.38%, O 29.14%, P 14.10%
Line Formula: [(CH3)3+NCH2CH2OPO3H2]Cl-
Literature References: Prepd by phosphorylation of choline chloride with diphenylphosphoryl chloride: Baer, McArthur, J. Biol. Chem. 154, 451 (1944); Baer, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 69, 1253 (1947); Biochem. Prep. 2, 96 (1952); by heating choline or choline chloride with pyrophosphoric or polyphosphoric acid: Cherbuliez, Rabinowitz, Helv. Chim. Acta 42, 1154 (1959).
 
Derivative Type: Barium salt
CAS Registry Number: 6484-71-5
Molecular Formula: C5H13BaClNO4P
Molecular Weight: 354.91
Percent Composition: C 16.92%, H 3.69%, Ba 38.69%, Cl 9.99%, N 3.95%, O 18.03%, P 8.73%
Properties: Hydrated glistening leaflets from water + alcohol. Must be dried in vacuo (0.5 mm) over P2O5 at 100° for 16 hrs. Freely sol in water, practically insol in abs ethanol, ether.
 
Derivative Type: Calcium salt
CAS Registry Number: 4826-71-5
Trademarks: Colifos; Epafosforil (Coli); Fosfocolina (Afarit); Isocolin (Isola-Ibi)
Molecular Formula: C5H13CaClNO4P
Molecular Weight: 257.67
Percent Composition: C 23.31%, H 5.09%, Ca 15.55%, Cl 13.76%, N 5.44%, O 24.84%, P 12.02%
 
Derivative Type: Magnesium salt
CAS Registry Number: 17032-39-2
Trademarks: Heparexine
Molecular Formula: C5H13ClMgNO4P
Molecular Weight: 241.89
Percent Composition: C 24.83%, H 5.42%, Cl 14.66%, Mg 10.05%, N 5.79%, O 26.46%, P 12.80%
 
Therap-Cat: Hepatobiliary dysfunction.
Keywords: Hepatoprotectant.

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