tert-Pentyl Alcohol
Title: tert-Pentyl Alcohol
CAS Registry Number: 75-85-4
CAS Name: 2-Methyl-2-butanol
Additional Names: tert-amyl alcohol; dimethyl ethyl carbinol; ethyl dimethyl carbinol; tert-pentanol; amylene hydrate
Molecular Formula: C5H12O
Molecular Weight: 88.15
Percent Composition: C 68.13%, H 13.72%, O 18.15%
Line Formula: (CH3)2C(OH)CH2CH3
Literature References: Prepd from 2-methyl-2-butene alone and mixed with 2-methyl-1-butene: Fenske, Jones, US 2858331 (1958 to Esso); Odioso et al., Ind. Eng. Chem. 53, 209 (1961). Review of manuf by fractionation of fusel oil and via chlorination of pentanes, and properties: Industrial Chemicals, W. L. Faith et al., Eds. (John Wiley, New York, 2nd ed., 1957) pp 107-114. Toxicity: Schaffarzick, Brown, Science 116, 663 (1952).
Properties: Volatile liquid; characteristic odor, burning taste. bp765 102.5°. mp -9.0°. d20 0.8084: Costello, Bowden, Rec. Trav. Chim. 77, 36 (1958). nD20 1.4052. Flash pt, closed cup: 67°F (19°C); open cup: 70°F (21°C). Sol in 8 parts water; miscible with alcohol, ether, benzene, chloroform, glycerol, oils. Keep tightly closed and protected from light. LD50 orally in rats: 1.0 g/kg (Schaffarzick, Brown).
Melting point: mp -9.0°
Boiling point: bp765 102.5°
Flash point: Flash pt, closed cup: 67°F (19°C); open cup: 70°F (21°C)
Index of refraction: nD20 1.4052
Density: d20 0.8084: Costello, Bowden, Rec. Trav. Chim. 77, 36 (1958)
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 1.0 g/kg (Schaffarzick, Brown)
CAUTION: Moderately irritating to mucous membranes. Narcotic in high concns. See also 1-Pentanol.
Therap-Cat: Hypnotic.
Keywords: Sedative/Hypnotic; Alcohols.

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