tert-Amyl Methyl Ether
Title: tert-Amyl Methyl Ether
CAS Registry Number: 994-05-8
CAS Name: 2-Methoxy-2-methylbutane
Additional Names: methyl tert-pentyl ether; 1,1-dimethylpropyl methyl ether; methyl tert-amyl ether; TAME
Molecular Formula: C6H14O
Molecular Weight: 102.17
Percent Composition: C 70.53%, H 13.81%, O 15.66%
Literature References: Gasoline octane booster. Prepn: A. Reychler, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg. 21, 71 (1907); and properties: T. W. Evans, K. R. Edlund, Ind. Eng. Chem. 28, 1186 (1936). Industrial synthesis and processing: H. Short, Chem. Eng. 93, 34 (1986); S. Randriamahefa et al., J. Mol. Catal. 49, 85 (1988); W. J. Reagan, Prepr. Pap. - Am. Chem. Soc. Div. Fuel Chem. 39, 337 (1994). Reaction equilibria in synthesis: L. K. Rihko et al., J. Chem. Eng. Data 39, 700 (1994). Chromatographic and spectroscopic analyses: J. S. Hardman et al., Fuel 72, 1563 (1993). Comparison with MTBE, q.v., of effects on emissions: W. J. Koehl et al., Soc. Automot. Eng. SP-1000, vol 2, 289 (1993). Reaction with nitrate radical (environmental implications): S. Langer, E. Ljungström, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 5906 (1994).
Properties: Liquid, bp760 mm 86.3°. d415 0.7750; d420 0.7703; d425 0.7656; d430 0.7607. nD20 1.3885. Vapor pressure (25°): 75 mm Hg. Soly in water (20°): 1.15g/100g soln.
Boiling point: bp760 mm 86.3°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.3885
Density: d415 0.7750; d420 0.7703; d425 0.7656; d430 0.7607
Use: Fuel additive for gasoline.

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