3-Aminopropionitrile
Title: 3-Aminopropionitrile
CAS Registry Number: 151-18-8
CAS Name: 3-Aminopropanenitrile
Additional Names: b-aminopropionitrile
Molecular Formula: C3H6N2
Molecular Weight: 70.09
Percent Composition: C 51.41%, H 8.63%, N 39.97%
Line Formula: H2NCH2CH2CN
Literature References: Prepd by the reaction of acrylonitrile with ammonia: Buc et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 67, 93 (1945); Org. Synth. coll. vol. III, 93 (1955); Weijlard, Sullivan, US 2742491 (1956 to Merck & Co.).
Properties: Liquid. Amine odor. bp760 185°; bp20 87-89°; bp5 66-69°; bp3 50-55°. nD20 1.4396. The pure, anhydrous material may be stored in tightly stoppered bottles for several months. Storing under refrigeration is recommended to avoid development of pressure in the bottles. Polymerization takes place slowly during storage in an open container, or very rapidly in the presence of acid or acidic compds.
Boiling point: bp760 185°; bp20 87-89°; bp5 66-69°; bp3 50-55°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.4396
Use: Intermediate in the manufacture of b-alanine and pantothenic acid.

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